Part I of the EU Series in the October edition of the Marine Times touched on a brief history of where the EU originated from and where it stands now. However, before examining what actually makes up the EU, we must briefly look at the legal framework, found in the EU Treaties. They mark out the responsibilities each of the institutions has in relation to areas of legislation they have a remit for, and to what extent this responsibility is i.e.: is it a full competence such as fisheries, or a shared competence with Member States such as finance.

After the success of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), as mentioned in Part I, the European Economic Community (EEC) was founded in 1957 by the Treaty of Rome. It outlined what areas the EEC could introduce legislation on, as agreed upon between the original Member States.

As well as…

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